Fluoride & Health
- For infants who get most of their nutrition from formula during their first year, use ready-to-feed formula to avoid excess fluoride.
- If you use liquid concentrate or powdered infant formula, mix it with water free of fluoride or with low levels of fluoride.
- Parents should not use fluoride toothpaste for children under two years unless advised to do so by a healthcare professional. Children should use only a pea-size amount of fluoride toothpaste at each brushing. Young children should always be supervised to ensure they’re spitting out toothpaste.
- The ADA does not recommend use of fluoride mouth rinses for children under six, unless recommended by a health professional.
- The optimal fluoride level in drinking water for reducing tooth decay is 0.7 parts per million. Naturally occurring fluoride may be higher in some areas, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency requires notification if the fluoride level exceeds 2 parts per million. People living in such areas should consider an alternative water source or home water treatments to reduce fluoride levels